Beebe-Dimmer JL, Ruterbusch JJ, Bylsma LC, Gillezeau C, Fryzek J, Schultz NM, Flanders SC, Barlev A, Heath E, Quek RGW. 2018. Patterns of bicalutamide use in prostate cancer treatment: A U.S. real-world analysis using the SEER-Medicare database. Adv Ther 35(1):1438-1451.
Introduction: Bicalutamide (BIC), a non-steroidal anti-androgen, is FDA-indicated for use in combination with a luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) analog for treatment of Stage D2 metastatic carcinoma of the prostate. Lack of consensus exists regarding the clinical benefit of BIC use, either alone or combined use of BIC with an LHRH analog or antagonist (combined androgen blockade or CAB), versus treatment with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) alone.
Methods: The SEER-Medicare database was used to identify prostate cancer patients aged ≥ 66 years diagnosed between 2007 and 2011 and who filled at least one prescription for BIC. Duration of BIC treatment was assessed in relation to ADT use; either alone (monotherapy), as part of CAB only, and as part of CAB followed by monotherapy. Additionally, we assessed use of BIC during or outside a potential testosterone flare prevention period (initiation within 2 months of an LHRH agonist).
Results: A total of 7521 prostate cancer patients who filled a prescription for BIC were identified. Eighteen percent of the cohort used BIC alone, over half the patients (54%) used BIC as part of CAB and 27% used BIC as part of CAB followed by monotherapy. Among men treated with BIC as part of CAB, 58% received BIC only within the potential flare period.
Conclusions: Although there is no FDA indication for BIC use as monotherapy, > 44% of patients in this study used BIC alone or as part of CAB followed by monotherapy. Further research is necessary to understand the outcomes of BIC utilization in these settings, particularly compared with newer second-generation anti-androgens. Funding: Medivation LLC, a Pfizer company, and Astellas, Pharma, Inc.