Publications : 2011

Osborn CY, Patel KA, Liu J, Trott HW, Buchowski MS, Hargreaves MK, Blot WJ, Cohen SS, Schlundt DG. 2011. Diabetes and co-morbid depression among racially diverse, low-income adults. Ann Behav Med 41(3):300-309.

Abstract

Background

Research suggests individuals with diabetes are twice as likely as those without diabetes to be clinically depressed. Still unknown is the relationship between diabetes and depression in socioeconomically disadvantaged populations.

Purpose

We examined the relationship between diabetes and depressive symptoms in a large, racially diverse, low-income cohort in the southeastern United States.

Methods

69,068 adults were recruited from community health centers in the twelve southeastern states in the U.S. A fully adjusted polytomous logistic regression model tested the relationship between demographics, lifestyle behaviors, antidepressant use, body mass index, diabetes diagnosis, diabetes duration, diabetes medication compliance, and depressive symptoms using the Centers for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale.

Results

Diabetes was present in 21.7% of sample. While a diabetes diagnosis was associated with having severe depressive symptoms (AOR: 1.24, 95% CI: 1.14-1.34), demographics, lifestyle behaviors, antidepressant use, body mass index were more strongly associated with severe depressive symptoms than a diabetes diagnosis.

Conclusions

Having diabetes was associated with the presence and severity of depressive symptoms in a large, low-income sample of racially diverse adults. However, the relationship between diabetes and depressive symptoms was weaker than other studies with higher socioeconomic groups.